Acid Loving Plants
Acid loving plants are those that thrive in soils with a pH value lower than 5.5. These soils are often associated with toxicities, deficiencies and other plant restricting conditions. Acidic soils can be found in two main belts: in the humid northern temperate zone, which is covered mainly by coniferous forests, and in the humid tropics covered by savannah and tropical rain forests.
Acidic soil is defined as soil with a pH level less than 5.5. This type of soil usually contains aluminium and other toxic minerals that hinder plant growth. Soil with a high level of acidity can be found in many parts of the world, including regions with heavy rainfall and volcanic soil. These soils are characterized by low nutrients, poor water retention, and low bacterial activity. The pH level of the soil can be determined through pH soil testing.
What Flowers Love Acidic Soil?
Several flowers thrive in acidic soil conditions, the most popular of which include azaleas, camellias, hydrangeas, rhododendrons, and blueberries. Azaleas have bright, vibrant flowers that come in a range of colors, including pink, red, and white. Hydrangeas, on the other hand, are known for their large, showy blooms. Camellias, with their glossy green leaves and beautiful flowers, are one of the most popular acid-loving plants. Nasturtiums and mountain heathers are also acid-loving plants that are ideal for gardeners who want to add color to their landscapes.
Acid Loving Fruits
Several fruit plants, including blueberries, cranberries, elderberries, thimbleberries, and gooseberries, grow best in soil with a pH of 4.0 to 5.0. Blueberries, in particular, are a popular acid-loving fruit that is known for its sweet and tangy taste. These fruits require well-drained soil that is acidic, with a pH range of 4.5 to 5.0. They grow best in full sun and are known to attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies.
Some other acidic fruits that thrive in acidic soil include kiwis, citrus fruits, and pineapples. Kiwis are nutrient-dense fruits that are rich in vitamin C, fiber, and antioxidants. They require well-drained soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Citrus fruits, such as oranges and lemons, require slightly acidic soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.5. Pineapples, which are tropical fruits, grow best in soil with a pH range of 4.5 to 5.5. These fruits require well-drained soil and thrive in warm and humid conditions.
Acid Loving Herbs
Several herbs, including all varieties of thyme, garlic chives, rosemary, marjoram, and oregano, thrive in soil with a pH as low as 5.0. These herbs require well-drained soil and, in most cases, full sunlight. They are known for their aromatic and medicinal qualities and are commonly used in culinary and medicinal applications.
Several vegetable plants, including sweet corn, cucumbers, beans, broccoli, turnips, tomatoes, squash, and onions, thrive in slightly acidic soil. Sweet corn and cucumbers grow best in soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.5, while beans, broccoli, turnips, and tomatoes require fertile, slightly acidic soil with a pH of 5.5 to 7.0. Onions, sweet potatoes, peppers, parsley, radishes, and rhubarb prefer soil with a pH of 4.5 to 5.5.
Vegetables that are more tolerant of very acidic soil include garlic, shallots, dandelion, and chili peppers. These vegetables require well-drained soil with a pH of below 6.0, making them ideal for gardeners with highly acidic soil. Dandelions are known for their bitter taste and are packed with nutrients.
Acid Loving Trees
Several trees, including beech, willow, oak, dogwood, mountain ash, and magnolias, prefer acidic soil conditions. Beech and oak trees are common in forested areas and are known for their sturdy trunks, wide canopies, and vibrant fall colors. Willow trees, on the other hand, are found near water bodies and are known for their slender trunks and elegant branches. Dogwood trees, which produce beautiful flowers and berries, require well-drained soil and full sunlight. Mountain ash and magnolia trees are popular ornamental trees that are known for their fragrant flowers and showy fruits.